Decision-making for the conservation and protection of biological diversity needs to include the reality that biological communities are dynamic and constantly changing in response to a range of local and regional factors.
Negative human impact on biological diversity occurs primarily through our demands on land (Sala et al. 2000) resulting in loss and fragmentation of natural habitats. However, changes in climate are predicted to become an increasingly important driving factor (MEA 2005), changing patterns in species distributions regionally and threatening overall global biodiversity.
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